From drf-yasg to OpenAPI 3

drf-yasg is an excellent library and the most popular choice for generating OpenAPI 2.0 (formerly known as Swagger 2.0) schemas with Django REST Framework. Unfortunately, it currently does not provide support for OpenAPI 3.x. Migration from drf-yasg to drf-spectacular requires some modifications, the complexity of which depends on what features are being used.

Note

In contrast to drf-yasg, we don’t package Redoc & Swagger UI but serve them via hyperliked CDNs instead. If you want or need to serve those files yourself, you can do that with the optional drf-spectacular-sidecar. See installation instructions for further details.

Decorators

  • @swagger_auto_schema is largely equivalent to @extend_schema.

    • operation_description argument is called description

    • operation_summary argument is called summary

    • manual_parameters and query_serializer arguments are merged into a single parameters argument

    • security argument is called auth

    • request_body arguments is called request

    • method argument doesn’t exist, use methods instead (also supported by drf-yasg)

    • auto_schema has no equivalent.

    • extra_overrides has no equivalent.

    • field_inspectors has no equivalent.

    • filter_inspectors has no equivalent.

    • paginator_inspectors has no equivalent.

    • Additional arguments are also available: exclude, operation, versions, examples.

  • @swagger_serializer_method is equivalent to @extend_schema_field.

    • component_name can be provided to break the field out as a separate component.

  • @extend_schema_serializer is available for overriding behavior of serializers.

  • Instead of using @method_decorator, use @extend_schema_view.

  • Instead of using swagger_schema_field, use @extend_schema_field or @extend_schema_serializer.

Helper Classes

Types & Formats

In place of separate drf_yasg.openapi.TYPE_* and drf_yasg.openapi.FORMAT_* constants, drf-spectacular provides the OpenApiTypes enum:

Parameter Location

drf_yasg.openapi.IN_* constants are roughtly equivalent to constants defined on the OpenApiParameter class:

Docstring Parsing

drf-yasg has some special handling for docstrings that is not supported by drf-spectacular.

It attempts to split the first line from the rest of the docstring to use as the operation summary, and the remainder is used as the operation description. drf-spectacular uses the entire docstring as the description. Use the summary and description arguments of @extend_schema instead. Optionally, the docstring can still be used to populate the operation description.

# Supported by drf-yasg:
class UserViewSet(ViewSet):
    def list(self, request):
        """
        List all the users.

        Return a list of all usernames in the system.
        """
        ...

# Updated for drf-spectacular using decorator for description:
class UserViewSet(ViewSet):
    @extend_schema(
        summary="List all the users.",
        description="Return a list of all usernames in the system.",
    )
    def list(self, request):
        ...

# Updated for drf-spectacular using docstring for description:
class UserViewSet(ViewSet):
    @extend_schema(summary="List all the users.")
    def list(self, request):
        """Return a list of all usernames in the system."""
        ...

In addition, drf-yasg also supports named sections, but these are not supported by drf-spectacular. Again, use the summary and description arguments of @extend_schema instead:

# Supported by drf-yasg:
class UserViewSet(ViewSet):
    """
    list:
        List all the users.

        Return a list of all usernames in the system.

    retrieve:
        Retrieve user

        Get details of a specific user
    """
    ...

# Updated for drf-spectacular using decorator for description:
@extend_schema_view(
    list=extend_schema(
        summary="List all the users.",
        description="Return a list of all usernames in the system.",
    ),
    retrieve=extend_schema(
        summary="Retrieve user",
        description="Get details of a specific user",
    ),
)
class UserViewSet(ViewSet):
    ...

Authentication

In drf-yasg it was necessary to manually describe authentication schemes.

In drf-spectacular there is support for auto-generating the security definitions for a number of authentication classes built in to DRF as well as other popular third-party packages. OpenApiAuthenticationExtension is available to help tie in custom authentication clasees – see the customization guide.

Compatibility

For compatibility, the following features of drf-yasg have been implemented:

  • ref_name on Serializer Meta classes is supported (excluding inlining with ref_name=None)

    • See drf-yasg’s documentation for further details.

    • The equivalent in drf-spectacular is @extend_schema_serializer(component_name="...")

  • swagger_fake_view is available as attribute on views to signal schema generation